Emergency Food and Shelter Program

Emergency Food and Shelter Program

The Emergency Food and Shelter National Board Program was created in 1983 to supplement the work of local social service organizations within the United States, both private and governmental, to help people in need of emergency assistance. The program is governed by a national board composed of representatives of the American Red Cross; Catholic Charities, USA; United Jewish Communities; The National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A.; The Salvation Army; and United Way of America. The Board is chaired by a representative of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
The program's objectives are to:
  • Allocate funds to the neediest areas. 
  • Ensure fast response. 
  • Foster public/private sector cooperation. 
  • Ensure local decision making. 
  • Maintain minimal, but accountable, reporting.

How is the Program Governed Locally?

The program is a model of public-private cooperation. Each civil jurisdiction (a county or city) funded by the program must constitute a local board. The board must be composed of representatives of the same organizations as those on the National Board, with a local government official replacing the FEMA representative. The Local Board members elect their chair. Local boards may also have additional members, and, since 1993, local boards have been required to include a homeless or formerly homeless person as a member. If a jurisdiction is located within or encompasses a federally recognized Indian reservation, a Native American representative must be invited to serve on the local board.
The National Board awards funds to jurisdictions based upon a formula; in addition, a small portion of the overall award is allocated by formula to state set-aside committees, who then allocate funds to jurisdictions based upon the criteria they feel is most appropriate.
Once an award is made by either the National Board or a state set-aside committee, local boards decide which agencies are to receive funds, and then those agencies are paid directly by the National Board. Within a jurisdiction, no more than 2% of the entire award may be used for administrative costs by the local board and agencies combined.

Current Awards:

February 27th, 2015 - The Winchester jurisdiction was selected to receive an award of $10,262 under Phase 32 (Fiscal Year 2014) of the National Emergency Food and Shelter Program (EFSP). Congress has appropriated $120 million to supplement and expand emergency food and shelter programs. Our jurisdiction's award is based upon total number of unemployed.
The application period for Phase 32 (Winchester)  Emergency Food and Shelter funds is currently CLOSED.

Previous Awards:

February 2014-  The Winchester jurisdiction was awarded $11,989 and Frederick County was awarded $9,671 under Phase 31 (Fiscal Year 2013) by the National Emergency Food and Shelter Program (EFSP).  Congress approved $113,805,301 million for Phase 31.  The awards were directly related to the average number of unemployed individuals for the time period of June 2012 -May 2013. 



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